2014-2014 China Nitrogen Report
2011-5-4 16:53:44     Editor:admin

2014-2015 China Nitrogen Report

[Product Type]Market Research Report

[Published by]Fertilizer Department of China National Chemical Information Center

[Updated Date]May 2015

[Price]US $4,000.00 for English copy, RMB 15,000.00 for Chinese copy


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(1) The Chinese government attaches great importance to the issues of agriculture and food. This has promoted the overall development of China’s fertilizer industry. China's grain output has grown for seven years in a row. With the support of a series of preferential polices for agriculture, China’s agriculture will continue to grow steadily in the next few years. China's fertilizer industry has been enjoying preferential policies in raw materials, transportation, taxes, water, electricity, gas and other aspects.

(2) After nearly 60 years of development, China’s nitrogen fertilizer output has ranked first in the world, accounting for about one third of the world's total. There are now 485 nitrogen fertilizer producers in China. China's nitrogen fertilizer industry has advanced proprietary production technology and can produce many varieties of nitrogen fertilizer, including urea, ammonium bicarbonate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride and calcium ammonium nitrate. The output of urea, ammonium bicarbonate, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate accounts for 60.3%, 9.2%, 4.5%, 1.2% and 2.4% of China’s total nitrogen fertilizer output, respectively. 76.4% of China's nitrogen fertilizer is produced from coal as the raw material.

(3) China's nitrogen fertilizer production has gradually increased in recent years. In 2009, China’s nitrogen fertilizer output reached 48.637 million tons (pure). Due to the market downturn, China’s nitrogen fertilizer output dropped to 45.21 million tons in 2010. Urea is the main variety of nitrogen fertilizer. In 2010, China’s urea output decreased to 54.70 million tons (physical quantity). Currently, there are 114 urea producers in China, of which 20 have a urea production capacity of over 1 million t/a.

(4) China’s nitrogen fertilizer consumption accounts for one third of the global total. In 2009, China’s apparent consumption of nitrogen fertilizer was 46.638 million tons, but the actual demand was about 38 million tons. In 2010, due to the market downturn, the demand for nitrogen fertilizer reduced significantly, and China’s apparent consumption of nitrogen fertilizer was only 40.86 million tons, down 12% year on year. 88% of nitrogen fertilizer is used in agriculture, and 12% in the industry. In the future, China’s nitrogen fertilizer consumption will continue to grow, but its growth pace will slow down. The annual growth rate of the demand for agricultural nitrogen fertilizer is about 1-2%.

(5) In the first half of 2010, China’s nitrogen fertilizer market was in downturn, and more than half of nitrogen fertilizer producers were in loss. From late September on, driven by the rise of export prices and the drop of supply, nitrogen fertilizer prices have risen rapidly. In 2011, the nitrogen fertilizer market will have many uncertainties, but its overall situation will be better than in 2010.

(6) China’s nitrogen fertilizer industry now faces oversupply, and its overall competitiveness is relatively weak. During the "Twelfth Five-Year" Period (2011-0215), it will carry out structural adjustment, change its development mode, eliminate backward capacity and restrict the growth of new capacity.


Abstract 1

1 Overview of China's Fertilizer Industry. 2

1.1 Current situation of China fertilizer industry. 2

1.2 Development trend of the fertilizer industry. 3

2 Development Environment of China’s Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry. 5

2.1 China’s macroeconomic environment in 2014. 5

2.2 Chin’s agricultural situation in 2014. 5

2.2.1 Continuous growth in grain production. 6

2.2.2 Agricultural Subsidies to Further Increase. 6

2.2.3 Improve Grain Prices and Accelerate Grain Production. 7

2.3 China nitrogen consumption in 2014. 7

2.4 Relevant policies of China nitrogen fertilizer industry. 8

2.4.1 Tax policies 8

2.4.2 Off-season fertilizer reserve policy. 9

2.4.3 Transportation policy. 9

2.4.4 Preferential electricity prices 10

2.4.5 Preferential Natural gas prices 10

2.4.6 Reform of the fertilizer circulation system.. 10

2.5 Policy tendency in the future. 11

3 Review of China's Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry. 12

3.1 History of China’s nitrogen fertilizer industry. 12

3.2 Overview of China’s nitrogen fertilizer industry. 12

3.2.1 Status of the nitrogen fertilizer industry. 12

3.2.2 Structure of nitrogen fertilizer 12

3.2.3 Status of nitrogen fertilizer production. 13

3.2.4 Scale of nitrogen fertilizer enterprises 14

3.2.5 Major Production Processes 15

4 Analysis on the Raw Material Structure of China's Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry. 16

4.1 Raw material structure. 16

4.2.1 Status of coal supply. 16

4.2.2 Outlook of coal-based ammonia production. 17

4.3 Natural gas supply and natural gas-based ammonia production outlook. 17

4.3.1 Status of natural gas supply. 17

4.3.2 Outlook of natural gas-based ammonia production. 18

5 Analysis and Prediction of China’s Nitrogen Fertilizer Supply. 19

5.1 Status of China’s nitrogen fertilizer output 19

5.1.1 Steady growth of China’s nitrogen fertilizer output 19

5.1.2 Analysis on the production and supply of urea. 20 Urea capacity and output maintain steady growth. 20 New urea projects in 2014-2015. 21 Scale and distribution of urea producers 22

5.1.3 Analysis on the production and supply of ammonium bicarbonate. 24 Output declines year by year 24 Most producers have a small scale. 25

5.1.4 Analysis on the production and supply of ammonium chloride. 25

5.1.5 Analysis on the production and supply of ammonium sulfate. 26 Production. 26 Analysis of key ammonium sulfate producers 27

5.1.6 Analysis on the production and supply of ammonium nitrate. 28

5.2 Analysis and outlook of nitrogen fertilizer imports 28

5.3 Nitrogen fertilizer supply potential prediction. 29

6 Analysis and Prediction of China's Nitrogen Fertilizer Consumption. 31

6.1 Analysis on agricultural demand for nitrogen fertilizer 31

6.1.1 The demand situation is optimistic. 31

6.1.2 Analysis on the regional supply and demand of nitrogen fertilizer 33

6.1.3 Analysis on the demand for major varieties of nitrogen fertilizer 33

6.2 Analysis on the industrial demand for nitrogen fertilizer 34

6.3 Analysis and outlook of China's nitrogen fertilizer export 34

6.3.1 Export situation is good. 34

6.3.2 Impact of policies on the export market 35

6.3.3 Outlook of nitrogen fertilizer export 36

6.4 Outlook of nitrogen fertilizer consumption. 36

7 Analysis and Outlook of Nitrogen Fertilizer Prices in China. 38

7.1 Analysis of nitrogen fertilizer prices in 2014. 38

7.2 Outlook of nitrogen fertilizer prices in 2015. 39

8 Problems of China's Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry and its Future Development Pattern. 40

8.1 Problems of the nitrogen fertilizer industry. 40

8.2 Future development pattern of the nitrogen fertilizer industry. 40

List of Tables and Figures

Table 1-1: China fertilizer import & export during 2009-2014 (kt, pure nutrient) 2

Table 1-2: Planting areas of crop and grain, grain production and fertilizer consumption in China during 2009-2014 3

Table 1-3: Forecast of China fertilizer consumption in 2015 and 2020 (kt, pure nurtient) 4

Table 2-1: Grain Production in China during 2009-2014 (kt) 6

Table 2-2: Grain Minimum Purchase Price in Main Producing Areas 7

Table 2-3: China urea export tariffs in 2013-2015. 8

Table 3-1: Production values of China nitrogen industry during 2014. 12

Table 3-2: Structure of China nitrogen fertilizer in 2014. 13

Table 3-3: China nitrogen output during 2009-2014. 13

Table 3-4: Distribution of ammonia enterprises with different outputs in 2014 (kt, %) 14

Table 4-1: Structure of raw materials for ammonia output (kt, %) 16

Table 4-2: Natural gas output in China during 2009-2014 (billion m3) 18

Table 5-1: Outputs of different nitrogen products during 2009-2014 (kt, 100% N) 19

Table 5-2: Capacity and output of urea in China during 2009-2014 (kt, product) 21

Table 5-3: New projects of urea in China during 2014-2015. 21

Table 5-4: Domestic urea enterprises with capacity higher than 1 million t/ty (kt, product) 22

Table 5-5: China ammonium bicarbonate output during 2009-2014 (kt, product) 24

Table 5-6: Top ten Ammonium bicarbonate enterprises with output in 2014 (kt, product) 25

Table 5-7: China ammonium chloride output during 2009-2014 (kt, product) 25

Table 5-8: Top five ammonium chloride enterprises with output in 2014 (kt, product) 26

Table 5-9: China ammonium sulfate output during 2009-2014 (kt, product) 27

Table 5-10: Import of China nitrogen during 2009-2014 (ton, product) 29

Table 5-11: Output forecast of different nitrogen products in 2020 (kt, 100% N) 30

Table 6-1: Export of China nitrogen during 2009-2014 (kt, product) 35

Table 6-2: Export tariffs of China nitrogen fertilizer in 2014-2015. 35

Figure 3-1: China GDP growth rate during 2004-2014. 5

Figure 2-2: Central government increased four items of rural subsidy in 2006-2014. 6

Figure 2-3: Grain production and nitrogen agriculture consumption directly in China during 2004-2014 8

Figure 3-1: Distribution of China's nitrogen fertilizer production in 2014. 14

Figure 4-1: Change of China’s anthracite output in 2004-2014. 17

Figure 5-1: China’s monthly output of nitrogen fertilizer in 2012-2014. 20

Figure 5-2: Change of China’s urea capacity and output in 2004-2014. 21

Figure 5-3: The scale distribution of China’s urea producers in 2014 (According to their urea output) 24

Figure 5-4: Proportion of different industries in the total ammonium sulfate output 27

Figure 5-5: Prediction of China's nitrogen fertilizer output in 2014-2020. 30

Figure 6-1: Apparent consumption of nitrogen fertilizer in China during 2009-2014. 31

Figure 6-2: Nitrogen fertilizer consumption proportion of crops 32

Figure 6-3: Output and agricultural consumption of fertilizer nitrogen in China during 2000-2014 (not including nitrogen fertilizer used in the production of compound fertilizer) 33

Figure 7-1: Changes of nitrogen fertilizer prices in China in 2009-2014. 39

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